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Types of Gun Springs: A Comprehensive Guide

Gun springs are essential to firearms. They play a crucial role in their functionality and safety. They provide the necessary tension and force for various firearm actions.

In this blog post, we will explore the different types of gun springs and their functions. We will also discuss the benefits of customizing them for specific applications.

Types of Gun Springs

Several types of gun springs are used in firearms, each serving a unique purpose. These include the following-

  • recoil springs,
  • magazine springs,
  • hammer springs,
  • firing pin springs,
  • trigger springs,
  • and extractor springs.

Let’s take a closer look at each one.

Recoil Springs

Recoil springs absorb the energy from a fired round. Then, they return the slide or bolt to its original position. They manage recoil and keep the firearm on target for follow-up shots. The tension of a recoil spring can also impact the cycling speed of semi-automatic firearms.

recoil springs

Magazine Springs

These springs provide the necessary force to feed cartridges. They need to be strong enough to push rounds up the feed ramp consistently. They also need to maintain their tension over time to ensure reliable feeding.

Hammer Springs

Hammer springs are also known as mainsprings. They provide the force to strike the firing pin and ignite a cartridge. The tension of a hammer spring can affect the trigger pull weight and feel. This makes it an important consideration for accuracy and control.

Firing Pin Springs

Firing pin springs work alongside hammer springs. They provide the necessary force for firing a round. Their tension can affect the primer strike force, impacting reliable ignition.

Trigger Springs

Trigger springs are crucial in determining the trigger pull weight and feel. They also affect the reset and trigger travel distance. It makes them critical for accuracy and control.

Extractor Springs

Extractor springs provide tension to the extractor. It removes spent cartridges from the chamber after firing. Their proper function is crucial for reliable extraction and ejection of spent casings.

Extractor Springs

Function and Importance

Each type of gun spring serves a specific function in firearm operation. Their proper function is crucial for safety and accuracy. The correct tension, material, and the spring’s size can impact various aspects of a firearm’s performance. It includes recoil management, feeding reliability, trigger pull weight, and more.

Customization Options: Custom Spring Solutions

Many firearms come with factory-installed springs that perform adequately for most users. However, custom springs tailored to specific needs are also available. Custom gun springs can be designed with different tension levels, materials, and dimensions. They meet individual requirements for better performance.

For example, a competitive shooter may require a lighter recoil spring. On the other hand, a firearm used in harsh environmental conditions may benefit from a stronger magazine spring.

Custom springs can also be designed to improve trigger pull weight and feel. This is a crucial factor for accuracy in target shooting and competition. By adjusting the tension of the trigger spring, shooters can achieve a smoother pull.

Materials and Manufacturing Process

Gun springs are typically made from high-carbon steel or alloys like stainless steel. These materials offer strength and durability. As a result, they can withstand repeated use without losing tension or breaking.

The manufacturing process for gun springs involves several steps, including-

  • coiling,
  • grinding,
  • heat treatment,
  • and finishing.

Custom gun springs use precise specifications and techniques. These achieve the desired tension and dimensions for optimal performance.

Considerations for Choosing Gun Springs

When selecting or customizing gun springs, several factors must be considered. This helps ensure the best fit for your firearm and intended use. These include:

  • Firearm type:

Different firearms may require specific types of gun springs. Thus, it’s essential to understand the needs of your particular firearm.

  • Intended use:

The purpose of your firearm will also impact the type and tension of the spring needed. A hunting rifle may have different requirements than a competition pistol.

  • Material and tension:

The material and tension of spring can affect various aspects of firearm performance. Therefore, it’s crucial to choose wisely based on your needs.

Maintenance and Care Tips

Proper maintenance is key to ensuring the longevity and reliability of gun springs. It safeguards against premature wear and malfunctions.

  • Regular Inspection:

Routinely inspect gun springs for signs of wear, corrosion, or deformation. It addresses any issues promptly to prevent performance degradation.

  • Cleaning:

Regularly clean the firearm and apply appropriate lubrication. This will reduce friction and wear and keep gun springs clean and debris-free.

  • Replacement Intervals:

Establish a maintenance schedule for replacing gun springs. Maintain your springs based on usage and environmental conditions. These will preemptively address fatigue or degradation.


Gun springs are vital for the safe and accurate operation of firearms. Several types of gun springs exist in the market. They come with a specific function and role in firearm operation.

At C & J Spring, we pride ourselves on delivering custom spring solutions. With a commitment to excellence, we deliver top-quality products. We are ready to elevate your shooting experience through bespoke spring solutions.

Trust C & J Spring to manufacture custom springs that exceed expectations.

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